All about Chicken pox

 
Contributed by : Palak Vyas, Dr Aliraza Khunt   
All about Chicken pox

Here are Chicken pox Symptoms, Causes, Spreading, Prevention, Precaution, Diagnosis, and Treatment.

Chicken pox is a communicable disease but is also self limiting, which means, the virus gradually leaves the body in few days naturally. Chicken pox is caused by Varicella-zoster virus. Most cases occur through contact with an infected person. The virus can spread through:

  • saliva
  • coughing
  • sneezing
  • contact with fluid from the blisters


Symptoms:

  • The obvious sign of chickenpox is a super-itchy skin rash with red blisters. Over the course of several days, the blisters pop and start to leak transparent watery fluid. Then they dry out before finally healing. The first sign is usually a general feeling of being unwell.
  • Body aches
  • Fever
  • Feeling extremely tired (fatigue)
  • Feeling irritable
  • Loss of appetite
  • Headache


Most cases of chickenpox are mild and go away on their own. But see your doctor right away if your child develops any of the following symptoms:

  • The rash spreads to one or both eyes.
  • The rash gets very red, warm, or tender.
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Vomiting
  • Stiff neck
  • Fever over 102 F


Spreading: You can get the virus by breathing in particles that come from chickenpox blisters or by touching something on which the particles landed.


Diagnosis: Your doctor will be able to diagnose chickenpox based on a physical exam of blisters on your child’s body.


Treatment:

Chickenpox generally resolves within a week or two without treatment. There is no cure, but a vaccine can prevent it. Your child's doctor may prescribe medication or advise on how to reduce the symptoms of itchiness and discomfort.

  1. Pain or fever: Your child's doctor will prescribe a medicine that will help with symptoms of high temperature and pain.
  2. Avoiding dehydration: It is important that your child drinks plenty of fluids, preferably water, to prevent dehydration. Some doctors recommend sugar-free popsicles for children who are not drinking enough.
  3. Mouth soreness: Sugar-free popsicles help ease symptoms of soreness if there are spots in the mouth. Salty or spicy foods should be avoided. If chewing is painful, soup might be a good option, but it should not be too hot.
  4. Itchiness: ltchiness can become severe, but it is important to minimize scratching to reduce the risk of scarring. The following may help prevent scratching:
  • keeping fingernails clean and as short as possible
  • placing mittens or over a child’s hands when they go to sleep
  • applying skincare lotion prescribed by the doctor
  • wearing loose clothing


Precaution:

  • Do not send your child to school so that other children are safe.
  • Keep other kids in the house away from the infected child.
  • Calamine lotion is usually used to soothe the spots.
  • Make children wear light cotton clothes.
  • Make them drink plenty of fluids.
  • Don’t let your child scratch his/her itchy skin. This could lead to bacterial infection and leave scars.


Prevention:

Your child should get 2 dose of Chicken pox Vaccine. One at 15th month and second at 18th month to prevent the disease. Vaccine is painless, Very safe and 95% effective if both the doses are given on time.




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