All about dengue

 
Contributed by : Palak Vyas, Dr Aliraza Khunt   
All about dengue

Here are Dengue Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention, Diagnosis, and Remedies.

Dengue fever is a disease caused by a virus. This virus lives in mosquitoes. The virus can cause fever, headaches, rashes, and pain throughout the body. Most cases of dengue fever are mild and go away on their own after about a week. When a mosquito infected by dengue virus bites a person, the person can get affected by dengue fever. The virus can't spread directly from person to person. In rare cases, dengue fever can lead to a more serious form of the disease called dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). DHF can be life-threatening and needs to be treated right away. It can be fatal sometimes.


Common signs and symptoms of dengue fever include:

  • Symptoms of dengue fever are generally mild in younger children and those who have the disease for the first time.
  • High fever, possibly as high as 105°F (40°C)
  • Pain behind the eyes and in the joints, muscles and/or bones
  • Severe headache
  • Pink rashes over most of the body
  • Mild bleeding from the nose or gums

Symptoms can start anywhere from 4 days to 2 weeks after being bitten by an infected mosquito, and typically last for 2 to 7 days.


Diagnosis: If you think your child might have dengue fever, call a doctor right away. You should also call a doctor if your child has recently been to a region that has dengue fever and has a fever or severe headache. The doctor will ask about your child's medical history and recent travels, and send a blood sample for testing.


Treatment:

No specific treatment is available for dengue fever. Mild cases are managed with lots of fluids to prevent dehydration and getting plenty of rest. Pain relieving medicines can ease the headaches and pain associated with dengue fever. Most cases of dengue fever go away within a week or two and won't cause any lasting problems. If someone has severe symptoms of the disease, or if symptoms get worse in the first day or two, seek immediate medical care.


Prevention:

  • There's no vaccine to prevent dengue fever. The best protection is to prevent bites by an infected mosquito. Be sure to:
  • Use screens (mosquito nets) on doors and windows, and promptly repair broken or damaged screens. Keep doors and windows shut.
  • Have kids wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, shoes, and socks when they go outside.
  • Use insect repellent as directed on kids.
  • Limit the amount of time kids spend outside during the day, especially in the hours around dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are most active.
  • Keep surroundings clean. Mosquitoes breed easily when there is water around. They lay their eggs in water, so get rid of unclean water around you.


Natural Remedies for Dengue Fever:

  • Drink sufficient Water
  • Juice of Papaya Leaves
  • Chew Basil Leaves
  • Neem Leaves
  • Orange Juice



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