All about malaria

 
Contributed by : Palak Vyas, Dr Aliraza Khunt   
All about malaria

Here are Malaria Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention, and Diagnosis.

Unlike dengue or other viral fever, malaria has specific medication. If your child has been diagnosed with malaria then you should consult a doctor. Malarial germs do not die on their own. Our body can’t fight these germs so it is mandatory to give medication as soon as malaria is diagnosed.


Symptoms:

  • Drowsiness
  • Poor appetite
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Chills
  • Fever (it might reach up to 105˚ F)
  • Fast breathing
  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Body ache
  • Seizures in case the infection reaches the brain


Causes:

Malaria is caused by parasites carried by female mosquitoes. Congenital malaria is the infection of malaria to a child in the womb from mother. Malaria also spreads through blood transfusion, organ donation, or shared needles.


Diagnosis: Diagnosis is based on physical symptoms and blood tests.


Treatment:

  • Take prescribed anti-malarial drugs by the doctor.
  • Take proper care and see that the child rests well.
  • Give sufficient fluids so there is no dehydration.
  • In case if the child is young enough and can’t take oral medication there are injections available too.
  • If the child doesn’t eat or drink or have any other complications after taking the medication, the child should be hospitalised.


Preventive measures:

  • Use screens (mosquito nets) on doors and windows, and promptly repair broken or damaged screens. Keep doors and windows shut.
  • Have kids wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, shoes, and socks when they go outside.
  • Use insect repellent as directed on kids.
  • Limit the amount of time kids spend outside during the day, especially in the hours around dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are most active.
  • Keep surroundings clean. Mosquitoes breed easily when there is water around. They lay their eggs in water, so get rid of unclean water around you.



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