Contributed by : Ravina Sewani   

Immunotherapy is a type of long term treatment to combat allergy problems in children.

Immunotherapy is a form of desensitisation treatment for allergies performed under medical supervision and may be recommended.

In this treatment, your child is given small doses of allergens as an injection, tablets or drops, to 'reduce symptoms' of severe, persistent allergy (allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, eye allergy or stinging insect allergy). The allergens are present in very small amounts, enough to desensitise the immune system against the particular allergen. This treatment is used so that your child is able to build resistance to the allergen.

Note: This treatment should only be performed by a healthcare expert under proper medical supervision. Never perform this treatment on your own.

There are 2 phases in immunotherapy, given at regular intervals up to three years:

i) Build-up phase – In this phase, the dosage of allergens in the shots is increased gradually and frequently till the allergen is tolerated well.

ii) Maintenance phase, this phase begins after the effective dose is reached and then onwards, the frequency of shots is reduced significantly.

Immunotherapy is commonly used for environment-induced allergies where the medications aren't helping, your child has side effects from the medications, and you would like to reduce the continued use of allergy medications.

This treatment requires the medical supervision of an allergist or an immunologist, who will look out for local reactions if any, and treat symptomatically.

Bee Suggestions

Cigarette smoke allergy

Children are exposed to secondhand smoke unknowingly and this can cause problems in later stages of their lives.

Carpet allergy

Children may sometimes develop allergy to indoor allergens as well. Hence it is important to maintain the hygiene of your house.

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is a severe allergic reaction against allergens.

Wool allergies

Wool allergies are quite common but are often confused with wool sensitivity hence it is important to get a proper diagnosis done by an allergist.

Drug allergy

Drug allergies are not very common but it is important to stay aware.

Dust mites allergy

Allergy to dust mites is usually caused by the carpets used in the house. The best way to make your baby safe is to keep your surroundings clean.

Nut allergy

Nut allergies can be of two types: tree nut allergies or underground nut allergies.

Fruit allergies

Not every child will have an allergy towards the same fruit. Every child's immune system reacts differently towards different fruits. The allergic reaction, however, is more or less the same towards any kind of fruit.

Jute Allergy in children

Allergies usually require medications prescribed by a doctor. Hence, when you think your child has developed an allergy to something, it is advisable to consult your doctor.

Pollen allergy

Pollen allergy is seasonal and so precautionary measures will help a lot.

Cosmetic product allergy

Children may sometimes develop allergy to indoor allergens as well. Hence it is important to maintain the hygiene of your house.

Insect sting allergy

Insect sting allergy can get very serious sometimes. It is better to stay cautious to keep your child safe.

Mould allergy

Allergy triggers to moulds in your child can be prevented by maintaining the hygiene around you.

Perfume allergy

Allergic reactions to fragrance/perfume are common than we know. Proper precautions will make your child's life easier.

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