Burns and Scalds

 
Contributed by : Ravina Sewani   
Burns and Scalds

Children have a more delicate skin than adults so burns and scalds affect them severely.

Children have a more delicate skin than adults so burns and scalds affect them severely. Burns and scalds are not the same. Burns are caused by dry heat, for example, by an iron or fire. Scalds, on the other hand, are caused by wet heat, for example, hot water or steam.


Burns and scalds cause:

  • Red or peeling skin
  • Blisters
  • Swelling
  • White or charred skin 


Burns are of 3 levels - first, second, and third degree burns:

  • First degree burns are mild causing pain and reddening of the skin. Second degree burns cause redness, swelling, pain, and blistering. Third degree burns cause white, blackened, or charred skin that may be numb.
  • First degree burns can be treated at home. Second and third degree burns need medical attention immediately.


A few things to keep in mind before treating burns at home:

  • If the source of the burn is electrical, do not touch your child. First turn off the switch.
  • If the source of the burn is anything hot or due to any chemical, remove the agent and run cool water over the burn.
  • If your child's clothing is on fire, make them stop running, cover their face, drop them to the floor, and extinguish the fire with a blanket. If your child is old enough to understand instructions, ask them to stop walking/running, cover their face with their hands, drop to the floor, and roll on the floor to put the fire out.


Treating burns and scalds at home:

  • Soak the burn in cool (not cold) water for at least 15 minutes. Do not use ice.
  • If there is any clothing attached with the burn, do not peel it. Cut the extra clothing around it.
  • Cover the burn using a clean cloth or an antibiotic ointment.
  • Do not pop any blisters.
  • If your child is experiencing pain, ask your child's paediatrician to prescribe medication for the pain.


Preventing burns:

  • Kids are curious by nature so it is up to parents to take proper precautions which will prevent injuries from burns and scalds. Here are a few things to keep in mind:
  • Keep the water temperature for bathing young children between 37 to 38 C.
  • Do not leave kids unsupervised in the bathroom or kitchen.
  • Keep hot drinks and handles out of reach of children.
  • Never carry hot things when holding children.


Call the doctor if:

  • The burned area is charred or white.
  • Electric shock or chemicals caused the burn.
  • The burn is on the face, hands, feet, genitals, or a joint.
  • The burn covers 10% or more of the body.



Bee Suggestions

Oral injury in children

Oral trauma refers to injuries to the mouth and/or teeth.

Head bump in children

Head injuries are common in children and teens. They can hurt the scalp, skull, brain, or blood vessels.

Insect flying into child's ear

Apart from insects or flies, babies and young children are known to put small objects in their ears like candy and beans.

Bruises in children

When a part of the body is injured and blood from the damaged capillaries, with no place to go, gets trapped under the skin, forming a red or purplish mark called as a bruise.

Emergency situation with children: Drowning

Chances of drowning can be kept at the minimum by being completely prepared at all times.

Fracture in children

Children break their bones either by falling or while playing a sport.

Emergency situation with children: Electric shock

Proper measures post the shock without panicking will be helpful. Stay calm and help your child in the best way you can.

Nose related issues in kids

The nose is an essential part of our body. When there is a problem with your nose, your whole body can suffer.

Dealing with ant bite in children

An ant bite usually goes unnoticed until some symptoms arise.

Emergency situation with children: Falling down

Kids are curious individuals. No matter how much cautious you are, they are bound to fall and get an injury some or the other day. Maintain your cool and do the best that you can to comfort your child.

Choking in children

Choking is caused due to an object — usually food or a toy — getting stuck in the airway. Because of this, the air can't flow normally into or out of the lungs, so the child can't breathe properly.

Emergency situation with children: Natural disaster

Natural disasters affect one and all. It is advisable to be best prepared.

Swallowing abnormal things

Kids tend to swallow many items including toys, buttons, coins, earrings, rings, paper clips, game pieces, needles, pins, tacks, toothpicks, screws, button batteries, magnets, and nails.

Animal Bites in children

Treatment for animal bites depends on the type of animal that has bitten your child.

About Bee
Bee is a Parenting companion Made for Convenient, Personalised & Authentic replies to all your parenting concerns. May it be Parenting Advice, Kids Health Concerns, Parenting Concerns, Kids Stories, Kids General Knowledge Questions & Facts, Kids Riddles, Kids Movies, Kids Toys, Kids Activities, Kids Worksheets, Kids Songs, Parenting quotes, Kids Tongue twisters, Kids Truth challenges & Dare challenges, Kids Jokes, Parenting Books, Kids Fitness Exercise or anything else regarding Parenting, Bee has the answer.