Eye injury in children

 
Contributed by : Ravina Sewani   
Eye injury in children

Most eye injuries are minor, like getting soap in the eye or a speck of dirt under the eyelid.

Most eye injuries are minor, like getting soap in the eye or a speck of dirt under the eyelid. Getting chilli in the eye has to be the most irritating one. Before you comfort your child, properly wash your hands clean with soap and water. Remember, that no soap remains in your hand.


Symptoms of eye injuries:

  • Redness around or in the eye
  • Stinging or burning
  • Watering
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Blurred vision
  • Swelling of the eyelids
  • Discoloration around the eye


Chilli in eye:

  • If your child has got chilli in the eye, (s)he will experience burning sensation in the eye and the eye will turn red.
  • To relieve your child, you need to grab the milk from the refrigerator.
  • Soak a paper towel in milk and then gently pat (don’t rub) around the child’s eye. Let the milk-soaked paper towel then rest gently on your child’s eye.
  • Once your child is relieved from the immediate pain, pour a few drops of milk in your child’s eyes to calm down the rest of the burn. Then soak another paper towel in the milk and gently pat around the eye.
  • Milk is more effective than water so if you have milk available, it is better not to go for water.


When an irritant enters the eye like sand or dirt: If you think your child has a particle in the eye or a minor irritation:

  • Wash your hands before touching the eye area.
  • Flush the eye with water as soon as possible.
  • Tilt your child's head over a basin with the injured eye pointed down.
  • Gently pull down the lower lid.
  • Gently pour a steady stream of lukewarm (not hot) water over the eye.
  • Flush the eye for up to 15 minutes, checking every 5 minutes to see if the particle has been flushed out or not.


When there is a foreign body embedded in the eye: This happens when an object reaches the globe of the eye. If an object, such as a piece of glass or metal, is sticking out of the eye, take the following steps:

  • Call for emergency medical help.
  • Cover the affected eye with a small cup taped in place. The point is to keep all pressure off the eye.


In case of Chemical Exposure:

  • If your child gets a chemical in the eye and you know what it is, look on the product's container for an emergency number to call for instructions.
  • If you don't know what caused the irritation, flush the eye immediately with lukewarm water for 15 to 30 minutes. If both eyes are affected, flush them in the shower.
  • Call for emergency medical help.


Black Eyes and Blunt Injuries

A black eye is often a minor injury. But this bruising of the eye can sometimes lead to a significant eye injury or head trauma. A visit to the doctor or an eye specialist might be needed to rule out serious injury. For a black eye:

  • Apply cold compresses intermittently: 5 to 10 minutes on, 10 to 15 minutes off. If you use ice, cover it with a towel to protect the delicate skin on the eyelid.
  • Use cold compresses for 24 to 48 hours, then switch to applying warm compresses intermittently. This will lead to the discolouration of the injured area.
  • If the child is in pain, get a painkiller prescribed by the doctor.
  • Give an extra pillow to the child at night and encourage him or her to sleep on the uninjured side of the face (pressure can increase swelling).


In any type of injury, call for medical help if your child has:

  • Been struck in the eye with a ball or other object
  • Increased redness
  • Trouble seeing
  • Severe eye pain
  • Visible eyeball abnormality
  • Been exposed to chemicals
  • Blood in the eye
  • Eye discomfort
  • A swollen, red, or painful area around the eye or eyelid
  • Nausea or vomiting after an eye injury


Prevention:

Make your child wear protective gear while they play sports. Keep chemicals and other hazardous objects out of the reach of children.




Relevant Blogs

Emergency situation with children: Falling down

Kids are curious individuals. No matter how much cautious you are, they are bound to fall and get an injury some or the other day. Maintain your cool and do the best that you can to comfort your child.

Nosebleed in children

When your child suddenly has blood running down from their nose, it can be startling. While nosebleeds in children seem dramatic, they’re not usually serious.

Choking in children

Choking is caused due to an object — usually food or a toy — getting stuck in the airway. Because of this, the air can't flow normally into or out of the lungs, so the child can't breathe properly.

Oral injury in children

Oral trauma refers to injuries to the mouth and/or teeth.

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Children break their bones either by falling or while playing a sport.

Emergency situation with children: Natural disaster

Natural disasters affect one and all. It is advisable to be best prepared.

Dealing with ant bite in children

An ant bite usually goes unnoticed until some symptoms arise.

Emergency situation with children: Drowning

Chances of drowning can be kept at the minimum by being completely prepared at all times.

Head bump in children

Head injuries are common in children and teens. They can hurt the scalp, skull, brain, or blood vessels.

Animal Bites in children

Treatment for animal bites depends on the type of animal that has bitten your child.

Insect flying into child's ear

Apart from insects or flies, babies and young children are known to put small objects in their ears like candy and beans.

Bruises in children

When a part of the body is injured and blood from the damaged capillaries, with no place to go, gets trapped under the skin, forming a red or purplish mark called as a bruise.

Cuts and Scrapes in children

Most small cuts aren't a danger to children. But larger cuts often need immediate medical treatment.

Swallowing abnormal things

Kids tend to swallow many items including toys, buttons, coins, earrings, rings, paper clips, game pieces, needles, pins, tacks, toothpicks, screws, button batteries, magnets, and nails.

Emergency situation with children: Electric shock

Proper measures post the shock without panicking will be helpful. Stay calm and help your child in the best way you can.

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