Head bump in children

 
Contributed by : Ravina Sewani   
Head bump in children

Head injuries are common in children and teens. They can hurt the scalp, skull, brain, or blood vessels.

Head injuries are common in children and teens. They can hurt the scalp, skull, brain, or blood vessels. Mild head injuries include swelling or bump, small cuts or scrapes on the scalp or forehead. The main symptom here is pain.


Treating mild injuries:

  • For a scrape or cut, wash it off with soap and water. For any bleeding, put direct pressure on the wound using clean cloth. Press for 10 minutes or until the bleeding has stopped.
  • For a bump or swelling, use a cold pack or ice bag wrapped in a wet cloth. Put it on the bump. Do this for 20 minutes. This will prevent big bumps and helps with the pain. Repeat this again in 1 hour, then as needed.
  • Watch your child closely during the first 2 hours after the injury. Have your child lie down and rest until all symptoms have cleared. Note: mild headache, mild dizziness and nausea are common.


Types of Head Injuries:

  • External and involve the scalp
  • Internal and involve the skull, brain, or blood vessels


A head injury can cause a concussion, contusion, fracture, or bleeding.

  • A concussion is a type of mild brain injury. It happens when a blow to the head moves the head back and forth with a lot of force.
  • A contusion (bruise) happens when a blow to the head injures the skin and the soft tissue under it. Blood from small blood vessels leaks, causing red or purple marks on the skin.
  • A skull fracture is a break in the skull bone.
  • Bleeding can happen on and under the scalp and in or around the brain. 


A child with a head injury might:

  • Have a swollen scalp
  • Have a headache
  • Lose consciousness (pass out)
  • Vomit once or twice


Diagnosis:

Doctors diagnose head injuries by asking questions about how the injury happened and doing a careful exam of the head. Mild brain injuries don't need medical tests. Doctors often do a CAT scan of the head if the injury is more serious. If the head injury is anything other than a head bump and mild cuts, take your child to the doctor for treatment.


Signs that the injury could be serious include:

  • Loss of consciousness for more than a few minutes
  • Continued vomiting
  • Confusion
  • Seizures
  • A headache that gets worse
  • Isn't walking or talking normally


Prevention:

  • Kids should always wear a bike helmet that fits well and is made according to standard guidelines.
  • Kids should use the proper sports gear.
  • Use a child safety seat or seat belt every time they're in the car.



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